The publication of articles in a conference proceedings is an important process for improving the knowledge in the research field. The research of authors and institutions is thus reflected into these works. It is important that all parties involved in the publishing process comply and agree upon ethical standards.


Authors should present the significance and conceptual advance of their work in a clear and accessible way to a broad readership. The initial data, the methods, findings and references should be presented in such a way to allow others to replicate the studies. Fraudulent and knowingly inacurrate statements represent unethical behaviour and are unacceptable. The authors should ensure that their work is entirely original, any part of the work or words belonging to other works should be acknowledged. All citations in the text, figures or tables must be found in the reference list and vice-versa. Duplicate submission or plagiarism are considered unethical and are unacceptable. The corresponding author should request full consensus from all co-authors for the submitting for publication of the final version of the manuscript.


Reviewers should review manuscripts objectively and the observations should be formulated clearly with sufficient arguments, so that the manuscript can be improved by the authors. All manuscripts must be kept confidential. Reviewers are required to disclose any actual or potential conflicts of interest at submission or upon accepting a review assignment. In the case where the reviewer feels unqualified to review the research presented in a manuscript should notify the editor and decline the reviewing process.


Editors should evaluate manuscripts transparently and objectively. Editors should not use any unpublished information in their own research without the written consent of the authors. Editors guarantee the highest standards of publication ethics and takes publication malpractice and conflicts of interest very seriously.


The Publisher is committed to ensuring that reprint, advertising or other commercial revenue has no impact on the editorial decisions, and will assist in communications with other publishers for helping the editorial process. The Publisher works closely with other publishers in order to set appropriate standards for best practices on ethical issues.


The Publisher recognizes the importance of the integrity and completeness of the academic record to researchers. It is a general principle of academic communication that the editor is solely responsible for deciding which manuscripts submitted for publication shall be published. The editor is guided by policies of the editorial board and constrained by legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. An outcome of this principle is the importance of the academic archive as a permanent, historic record of the transactions of scholarship. Articles that have been published shall remain extant, exact and unaltered as far as is possible. However, very occasionally circumstances may arise where an article is published that must later be retracted or even removed. Such actions must not be undertaken lightly and can only occur under exceptional circumstances.

Article withdrawal

Only used for Articles in Press which represent early versions of articles and sometimes contain errors, or may have been accidentally submitted twice. Occasionally, but less frequently, the articles may represent infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like.

Article Retraction

Infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like. Occasionally a retraction will be used to correct errors in submission or publication.

Article Removal

Legal limitations upon the publisher, copyright holder or author(s).

Article Replacement

Identification of false or inaccurate data that, if acted upon, would pose a serious health risk.

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